All of the chemical symbols for elements into the regular dining table make sense; you can find a little selection, nevertheless, that seem to bear no reference to their elementвЂ™s name. A few days ago, questions about these elements came up, so hereвЂ™s a look at their confusing symbols, along with the reasons behind them after the periodic table of rejected element names.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a true title for salt carbonate). Its initial supply will probably be the work вЂnatrunвЂ™ that is arabic. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium as opposed to salt, plus itвЂ™s this title that its symbol that is chemical, originates from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes left whenever plant product is burned). A number of modern languages still refer to potassium naughty dates com as kalium, and the name lends the element its chemical symbol, K as with sodium.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin title, вЂferrumвЂ™, offers it its icon Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂ™ or вЂswordвЂ™, and is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well known by an array of different names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. ThereвЂ™s an inventory of 213 of these right right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements known as after places, but copperвЂ™s title is much more subdued than most. CopperвЂ™s Latin title had been вЂcypriumвЂ™, which itself originates from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus ended up being famous hundreds of years ago for the copper reserves. The title had been fundamentally simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and also this sooner or later morphed in to the English variation, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin name for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is believed to derive initially from A indo-european language, most likely referring to your metalвЂ™s shininess. The nation Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the RГo de la Plata) and it is the only nation to be known as after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, are produced from the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at a reduced heat. ThereвЂ™s also speculation it can be produced from the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ because of CornwallвЂ™s tin that is famous, though likewise, other people declare that this term is simply produced by the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ derives through the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, talking about the utilization of antimony substances being an old eye cosmetic. This word is in turn likely based on Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its sign.
Tungsten Wolfram that is)
Wolfram ended up being called following the mineral it absolutely was present in, wolframite. This will be from theвЂwolf that is german, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, talking about the total amount of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ because of the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be found in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock вЂ“ notably apt, because itвЂ™s the 7th densest element within the regular dining table.
Silver вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin name for gold had been вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; a number of other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin title was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed from the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to provide вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The English that is original name the element ended up being вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and due to this they called it Mercury, following the earth closest to your Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding to your planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is alone thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, most likely originally derives from a language Ancient that is pre-dating Greek. This Latin name is also the origin associated with the English words that isвЂplumbing вЂplumberвЂ™, because of the historic usage of lead in water pipelines.
References & Further Reading